KwaZulu-Natal Freight Databank

This Data Bank provides one with information about authorities within the province, industries, air freight, ports, cross border, rail and roads sectors in the KZN. The statistics will provide you with detailed information about the movements of freight in the province.  (Last Updated : 2013)

Transnet Pipelines and its role in Petroleum Transport

Background

Transnet Pipelines, formerly Petronet, is an operating business unit of Transnet SOC Limited. It was established in 1965. Transnet Pipelines owns, maintains and operates a network of some 3800km of high-pressure petroleum and gas pipelines. Some of the products transported by Transnet Pipelines refined petroleum products, aviation turbine fuel, crude oil and methane rich-gas.

The Pipeline Network - Infrastructure

The liquid fuels network has 37 pump stations/depots and transverses five provinces; KwaZulu- Natal, Free State, Gauteng, North West and Mpumalanga. The network also includes the newly commissioned 24”New Multi Product Pipeline from Durban to Jameson Park near Heidelberg.  This trunkline will reach its optimal capacity when the intake terminal in Durban and the inland terminal in Jameson Park has been completed.  The trunkline will ensure that the market requirements for fuel of the inland market is met.

Petroleum products are injected into the pipeline from the following points: the two refineries at the coast (Sapref and Enref), the inland crude refinery at Coalbrook (Natref) and the synfuel plants at Secunda (Sasol II and III).

Crude oil for the Natref refinery is transported via a dedicated pipeline from Durban.

The gas pipeline runs from Secunda to Durban via Empangeni and off-takes are along the route between Empangeni and Durban.

All the pipelines have been constructed in accordance with the American Code ASME B31.4 for liquid and ASME B31.8 for gas.

Monitoring, Maintenance And Protection Of Infrastructure

Pressure in the pipeline network is monitored 24 hours a day, 365 days a year in the Master Control Centre in Transnet Pipelines’s head office Durban.

Transnet Pipelines uses internationally recognised technological inspection tools called “intelligent Pigs” which tells us the condition of the pipe and remedial work is then undertaken where necessary. This is done on a regular cycle. With diligent repairs and corrective maintenance the life of expectancy of the pipeline can be extended and the integrity of the asset is maintained.

Inhibitor dosed in the pipeline protects the pipeline internally from internal corrosion.

Cathodic protection protects the pipeline’s external metal loss caused by stray current corrosion. 

Emergency plans that are regularly updated and practiced, are in place in the event of major catastrophes and/or incidents.

Regular aerial inspections ensure that the servitudes are well-maintained and untoward occurrences immediately followed up.

All pump stations are operated and monitored centrally via a proven telecontrol system.

Dynamic and passive leak detection systems are utilized.

The pipeline is sectioned with the aid of block valves and check valves that minimize loss/pollution should a rupture occur.

Pipelines are the preferred mode of transport of bulk petroleum products in a safe and environmentally friendly manner.

Future Plans To Ensure That Pipeline Infrastructure Meets Growing Economic And Social Demands Of The Country And The Region

In order to meet the needs of the Oil Industry, our clients, Transnet Pipelines endeavors to keep abreast of market trends and changes in our area of operations and neighboring regions. Detailed studies are undertaken of petroleum product usage in all magisterial districts concerned and the various transport modes (competition) are identified. This is accomplished by undertaking capacity studies in our network and identifying bottlenecks or constraints that may need to be rectified in the future.

Building of computer based capacity models allows Transnet Pipelines to investigate many scenarios that may occur and then easily make changes to the model as reality unfolds. Our clients and Department of Mineral and Energy, are party to this Capacity study and assist us in making assumptions and the possible scenarios. A further requirement of the current Capacity Plan is to identify problem areas and plan actions, for possible contingencies that may affect the motorists and the economy of South Africa. These contingencies could entail the loss of any of inland refineries, infrastructure disruptions of the pipeline network, etc. These contingency plans could involve a diversity of solutions. e.g. rail and road bridging.


Analysis Of The Influence Of The Pipeline Infrastructure In The RSA In Terms Of Its Implication For National Security

Transnet Pipelines conveys +-77% of all petroleum products from the Coastal refineries and Inland refineries, to depots owned and operated by their clients the Oil Industry. Secondary transport, road and rail, conveys the product from the pipeline end point depots to the final destination. Transnet Pipelines is shifting its business strategy to provide an end-to-end logistical service and to increase the market share.

Transnet Pipelines owns and operates a storage facility at Tarlton, which is strategically located for over border trade with Botswana.

Role And Function Of Pipelines From A Statutory And A Governmental Point Of View

 

Petroleum products pipelines and crude oil pipelines are a matured form of transport providing refineries with their raw material (crude) or else delivering completed products to the market. The pipelines operate on an open access principle and tariffs are equal to all users. These tariffs are determined by NERSA (The National Energy Regulator of South Africa) and published.  The pipeline tariffs are used by Department of Minerals and Energy to set the different zone prices for regulated petroleum products.

Pipelines form the cornerstone of bulk transport of petroleum products and gas.

Transnet Petroleum Pipeline
Transnet Petroleum Pipeline
Pipeline Pump Station

Transnet Petroleum Pipeline

Transnet pipelines CEO Charl Möller pointed out that the project had been designed with expansion in mind. “The pipeline would be upgraded in five phases up to 2032 with the addition of more pumping stations and metering stations along the trunk line. In this way we would be able to expand the pipeline capacity by up to 200%, to keep up with the expected demand growth,” he said.

Transnet Petroleum Pipeline

Transnet pipelines CEO Charl Möller pointed out that the project had been designed with expansion in mind. “The pipeline would be upgraded in five phases up to 2032 with the addition of more pumping stations and metering stations along the trunk line. In this way we would be able to expand the pipeline capacity by up to 200%, to keep up with the expected demand growth,” he said.

Pipeline Pump Station

Transnet pipelines CEO Charl Möller pointed out that the project had been designed with expansion in mind. “The pipeline would be upgraded in five phases up to 2032 with the addition of more pumping stations and metering stations along the trunk line. In this way we would be able to expand the pipeline capacity by up to 200%, to keep up with the expected demand growth,” he said.